They are one of the oldest ecosystems in the world, shielding humans from tsunamis and hurricanes and sheltering a variety of colourful fishes.
Today this fragile structure which covers less than one percent of earth surface is facing multiple threats, release of effluents from industries and waste from power plants; cultivation of an invasive alien seaweed; manual collection of reefs; and bleaching due to increased heat conditions.
These are systematically destroying coral colonies in Gulf of Mannar. The reef colony in Bay of Palk is completely dead, they were alive four years back.
Rampant collection of coral reefs and other marine organisms for ornamental purpose, creatures like sea horses and sea cucumbers for medicinal values have unleashed havoc, pushing them to brink of extinction.
It’s high time that serious measures should be taken to protect marine life and restore it!